Friday, 4 January 2019

Sarah Al-Taher presents a working paper on 'Eckharts conceptual thinking in the first chapter of the 'Interpretation of the book Genesis''

In this paper I analyse  the first chapter of Meister Eckharts ›Auslegung des Buches Genesis‹. I show how the systematic thinking of Meister Eckhart, which is introduced in the first part of his latin work, is fundamental for the understanding of his entire work. The dynamic relation is more important than the any absolute principal. And only through the consideration of the relation can love and deficiency be understood. The focus in this paper is the first chapter of the ›Auslegung des Buches Genesis‹. Eckhart explains the structure of thinking parallel to the formation of the universe.

Martin Christ is going to present a working paper on 'Dying, death and commemoration in early modern Zürich, Munich and Dresden, c. 1550-1650'

Different Christian confessions had different approaches to dying, death and commemoration. This project focuses on three major European centres which followed different religions: Reformed Zürich, Lutheran Dresden and Catholic Munich. In Catholicism, dying was highly ritualized and included a procession to the house of the dying, holy water and incense. Purgatory played an important role for the deceased and their family, as did saints and masses which eased a soul’s way into heaven. In Lutheranism, theologians removed many rituals and questioned their salvific powers. Saintly intercession and purgatory no longer played a role. But some elements, like bell ringing, were retained. In Calvinism, changes were even more far ranging and funeral services largely revolved around sermons, and theologians removed elements kept in Lutheranism. Calvinists no longer used funeral sermons, hymns and elaborate monuments.
This project argues that these changes have to be seen not only in a religious context, but also by investigating other political, cultural and societal changes. By analyzing, for example, how political alliances and connections influenced dying, death and commemoration, the project integrates religious change into a broader framework. Dying is a particularly valuable testing ground for the impact of such connections, because death was one of the areas of early modern life that was most profoundly influenced by the European Reformations. In this way, the project integrates death in German cities into European and global networks.

David Palme gives a working paper on 'The Crisis of Moral Philosophy'

My first contribution focuses on the “contradicton” in the title of my project. It introduces the problem of moral justificaton by retelling its dominant narrative and strategies. In the second half the text highlights some problematic implications and consequences of these strategies and proposes an alternative approach to the problem of moral justificaton and its narrative.

Tiziana Faitini presents a working paper on 'Shaping the Profession. Some Thoughts on the Moral Problematization of Professional Activities in the Counter-Reformation'

This paper investigates the theorisation of the duties belonging to different – lay and professional – conditions, elaborated upon by post-Tridentine moral theology, in order to contribute to the genealogy of the modern concept and experience of the profession, and, more generally, to modern economic and political rationality. It focuses particularly on how work and professional activities are dealt with in Juan Azor’s Institutiones morales, Hermann Busenbaum’s Medulla theologiae moralis and Alfonso de Liguori’s Theologia moralis, between the early 17th and mid-18th Centuries. After an introduction on the rationale of the research (§1), and some quick historical remarks on the sources and the theological elaboration on the states of life (§2), the paper examines the specific prescriptions imposed by these sources on professional activities in their discussions of the Third Commandment, and the obligations to rest and fast on certain days (§3). A brief analysis of the paragraphs explicitly devoted to the duties of professionals (law and health professionals in particular) (§4) precedes some final observations about the post-Tridentine model of profession, and its influence on the moral and socio-political valorisation of professional activities (§5).